Factfulness
Factfulness: The stress-reducing habit of only carrying opinions for which you have strong supporting facts.When asked simple questions about global trends—what percentage of the world’s population live in poverty; why the world’s population is increasing; how many girls finish school—we systematically get the answers wrong. So wrong that a chimpanzee choosing answers at random will consistently outguess teachers, journalists, Nobel laureates, and investment bankers.In Factfulness, Professor of International Health and global TED phenomenon Hans Rosling, together with his two long-time collaborators, Anna and Ola, offers a radical new explanation of why this happens. They reveal the ten instincts that distort our perspective—from our tendency to divide the world into two camps (usually some version of us and them) to the way we consume media (where fear rules) to how we perceive progress (believing that most things are getting worse).Our problem is that we don’t know what we don’t know, and even our guesses are informed by unconscious and predictable biases.It turns out that the world, for all its imperfections, is in a much better state than we might think. That doesn’t mean there aren’t real concerns. But when we worry about everything all the time instead of embracing a worldview based on facts, we can lose our ability to focus on the things that threaten us most.Inspiring and revelatory, filled with lively anecdotes and moving stories, Factfulness is an urgent and essential book that will change the way you see the world and empower you to respond to the crises and opportunities of the future. “This book is my last battle in my life-long mission to fight devastating ignorance…Previously I armed myself with huge data sets, eye-opening software, an energetic learning style and a Swedish bayonet for sword-swallowing. It wasn’t enough. But I hope this book will be.” — Hans Rosling, February 2017.

Factfulness Details

TitleFactfulness
Author
LanguageEnglish
ReleaseJan 25th, 2018
PublisherSceptre
ISBN-139781473637467
Rating
GenreNonfiction, Science, Psychology, Economics, History, Politics

Factfulness Review

  • Bill Gates
    January 1, 1970
    I talk about the developed and developing world all the time, but I shouldn’t.My late friend Hans Rosling called the labels “outdated” and “meaningless.” Any categorization that lumps together China and the Democratic Republic of Congo is too broad to be useful. But I’ve continued to use “developed” and “developing” in public (and on this blog) because there wasn’t a more accurate, easily understandable alternative—until now.I recently read Hans’ new book Factfulness: Ten Reasons We're Wrong Abo I talk about the developed and developing world all the time, but I shouldn’t.My late friend Hans Rosling called the labels “outdated” and “meaningless.” Any categorization that lumps together China and the Democratic Republic of Congo is too broad to be useful. But I’ve continued to use “developed” and “developing” in public (and on this blog) because there wasn’t a more accurate, easily understandable alternative—until now.I recently read Hans’ new book Factfulness: Ten Reasons We're Wrong About the World—and Why Things Are Better Than You Think. In it, he offers a new framework for how to think about the world. Hans proposes four income groups (with the largest number of people living on level 2).This was a breakthrough to me. The framework Hans enunciates is one that took me decades of working in global development to create for myself, and I could have never expressed it in such a clear way. I’m going to try to use this model moving forward.Why does it matter? It’s hard to pick up on progress if you divide the world into rich countries and poor countries. When those are the only two options, you’re more likely to think anyone who doesn’t have a certain quality of life is “poor.”Hans compares this instinct to standing on top of a skyscraper and looking down at a city. All of the other buildings will look short to you whether they’re ten stories or 50 stories high. It’s the same with income. Life is significantly better for those on level 2 than level 1, but it’s hard to see that from level 4 unless you know to look for it.The four levels are just one of many insights in Factfulness that will help you better understand the world. I’m excited that Hans’ publisher Flatiron Books plans to donate 5,000 copies to Books for Africa and Reader to Reader—two organizations that encourage reading in underserved communities. Hans worked on the book until his last days (even bringing several chapters with him in the ambulance to the hospital), and his son Ola and daughter-in-law Anna helped finish it after he passed.The bulk of the book is devoted to ten instincts that keep us from seeing the world factfully. These range from the fear instinct (we pay more attention to scary things) to the size instinct (standalone numbers often look more impressive than they really are) to the gap instinct (most people fall between two extremes). With each one, he offers practical advice about how to overcome our innate biases. Gates Notes Insiders can get a free preview of the gap instinct chapter.Hans argues that these instincts make it difficult to put events in perspective. Imagine news coverage about a natural disaster—say, a tornado that kills 10 people in a small town. If you look at only the headlines, you’ll view the event as an unbearable tragedy (which it is). But if you put it in the context of history, you’ll also know that tornadoes today are a lot less deadly than they used to be, thanks to advanced warning systems. That’s no consolation to the loved ones of those who died, but it matters a great deal to everyone who survived the tornado.In other words, the world can be both bad and better. That idea drives the work Melinda and I do every day, and Hans articulates it beautifully in Factfulness. It’s a great companion to Steven Pinker’s Enlightenment Now (although Hans is a little less academic than Pinker is). With rare exceptions, most of the miracles of humankind are long-term, constructed things. Progress comes bit by bit. We’ve cut the number of people living in extreme poverty by half over the last twenty years, but there was never a morning when “POVERTY RATES DROP INCREMENTALLY” dominated newspaper headlines.Another remarkable thing about Factfulness—and about Hans himself—is that he refuses to judge anyone for their misconceptions. Most writers would beat people up for their ignorance, but he doesn’t. Hans even resists going after the media. Instead, he tells you about the history of his own ignorance. He explains that these instincts make us human, and that overcoming them isn’t easy.That’s classic Hans. He was always kind, often patient, and never judgmental. He spent his life not only understanding how global health was improving but sharing what he learned in a fun, clear way with a broad set of people. If you never met Hans or watched one of his many TED talks, Factfulness will help you get a sense of why he was so special. I wish I could tell Hans how much I liked it. Factfulness is a fantastic book, and I hope a lot of people read it.
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  • Emily May
    January 1, 1970
    It is not easy to say anything bad about this book. Not because there aren’t issues with it - there are - but because this was Rosling’s last passion project that he completed while battling through his final months with pancreatic cancer. If you are unmoved by his son’s final words, then you are a much stronger person than I am.Mr Rosling is indeed passionate about his work. Factfulness is a highly-accessible, informal read in which the author frequently delights at the progress made across th It is not easy to say anything bad about this book. Not because there aren’t issues with it - there are - but because this was Rosling’s last passion project that he completed while battling through his final months with pancreatic cancer. If you are unmoved by his son’s final words, then you are a much stronger person than I am.Mr Rosling is indeed passionate about his work. Factfulness is a highly-accessible, informal read in which the author frequently delights at the progress made across the globe. And progress has definitely been made. Perhaps the most shocking fact this book reveals, for me, was how many people truly seem to believe the world is in a worse state than it was decades, or even centuries, ago.Rosling constantly reminds us - a little condescendingly, if I'm honest - that even the smartest of smart folks get his little questionnaire about the state of the world completely wrong. Factfulness has a very similar premise to Pinker's Enlightenment Now, though Rosling's work seems much more rooted in numbers and solid facts. I like numbers. Numbers do not lie. However, the way they are presented, the emphasis placed on certain numbers over others can be misleading. Despite cautioning against certain misconceptions, Rosling et al often uses these misconceptions to their own advantage.One example is this question: In all low income countries across the world today, how many girls finish primary school?A: 20 percentB: 40 percentC: 60 percent There are a few problems with this. You can probably guess that the answer is C. The way this question is written is deliberate: Is it 20%? No! Is it 40%? No! Oh my goodness, it's a whopping 60%?!But let's take a second look at this. Firstly, what is a "low-income" country? We are never told. I combed through the notes and appendices at the back to make sure it wasn't clarified somewhere. It could be what Rosling refers to as "Level 1" but, as he already told us, even some people at Level 3 are below the U.S. poverty line, so who knows exactly what constitutes "low-income"? Secondly, what is "primary school"? This differs from country to country. In some countries with middle schools, primary schooling might only be up to 7 or 8 years old. And, thirdly, the deliberate format of the question seeks to play up the 60% statistic. This still means that hundreds of millions of girls in "low-income" countries (40% is HUGE) receive no or incomplete primary education, and we can only know that 60% finish some kind of primary schooling of unspecified length. The book is split into sections, dismantling various kinds of misconceptions based on human instincts to generalize, fear and blame. What's strange, though, is how the authors often fall prey to the same instincts. Rosling cautions us to not give weight to averages - because they often hide a spread of values - but the majority of his graphs and charts use averages. The argument is built on averages.Additionally, he spends a whole page discussing the limitations of Wikipedia, noting a particular case where Wikipedia was missing 78% of a list of terrorism deaths in 2015. He then proceeds to use Wikipedia as a source ten times.The book's argument is far stronger when it focuses on things being BETTER rather than good. It might be difficult to convince me that 60% of girls finishing primary school is a positive statistic, but showing an increase in the numbers over time - slow or otherwise - is much more convincing. And, as the Roslings conclude, things are getting better by most measurable standards across the globe.I do also think something huge is missing from this book and it is an integral part of the misconception and misrepresentation of the state of the world. It seems like Rosling was a good, kind person. Which is possibly why he failed to consider a little something called motive. Why might someone want to present the "developing" world as terrible and backward and incapable of ever modernizing? Perhaps some do indeed wish to believe that western hegemony is “natural” and that the rest of the world is backward. Could it be that part of the misconception is rooted in the old imperialist notion that the rest of the world can't possibly be as good? Isn't America held up by the insistence that it is "the greatest country on earth"?Rosling suggests that the western dismissal of "developing" countries as destined to stay the way they are because of their "culture" is caused by mistakes made by innocent human instincts. A skeptic might wonder if it is really all an innocent mistake.I've said more than I meant to here, but I guess it's the kind of book that encourages you to think about things. For that, at least, it deserves three stars.Blog | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Youtube
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  • Radiantflux
    January 1, 1970
    78th book for 2018.I hate TED talks. This book is mostly like an extended TED Talk. Ipso facto I mostly hated this book.Rosling's central thesis is that in most measures of human development the World is much better than we'd think. That part of the book I enjoyed, though the data backing this up could have been presented in a far shorter book. Rosling spends a lot of time talking about the important people (e.g., bankers, Davos, bankers at Davos, TED talks) that he's presented this findings too 78th book for 2018.I hate TED talks. This book is mostly like an extended TED Talk. Ipso facto I mostly hated this book.Rosling's central thesis is that in most measures of human development the World is much better than we'd think. That part of the book I enjoyed, though the data backing this up could have been presented in a far shorter book. Rosling spends a lot of time talking about the important people (e.g., bankers, Davos, bankers at Davos, TED talks) that he's presented this findings too. And he repeats and repeats and repeats his horror that people are so so ignorant not to know "basic" facts about the World (like probable demographic shifts over the next 100 years). This is all tedious and doesn't really help. He also gives a series of annoying tips about how to read statistics. The central problem with his optimistic World view is that it ignores all the declining global environmental indicators. This is not a side issue. Environmental indicators are declining precisely because the World is developing and consuming more and more (which is not to say that most of the damage is done by the most developed). It is an impossibility that most people in the World can reach Rosling's Stage 3, let alone Stage 4, with current technologies. The World couldn't even survive the World population eating meat at the same rate as people in Europe, the US or Japan, let alone adopting the rest of their lifestyle.I agree entirely with Rosling's point that people will want to reach Stage 4 (and have a right to do so), but his sort of glib analysis of how everything is getting better, allows decision makers in the West to continue to ignore this issue and live in the vague hope that a techno-fix will arrive just in time. I have no doubt this was why Rosling was so popular at Davos. 2-stars.
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  • Khurram
    January 1, 1970
    A very good book, with a very important message about finding facts from data, and more importantly finding the truth in all the information fed to us.This is the a last effort from Hans Rowling, and him long time contributors (family). It contains real stories and new ways of looking at world data as well as new ways of thinking.The message I really took away from this book is the world is not perfect. We have a lot of work to do, but to not forget all we have achieved, to take encouragement fr A very good book, with a very important message about finding facts from data, and more importantly finding the truth in all the information fed to us.This is the a last effort from Hans Rowling, and him long time contributors (family). It contains real stories and new ways of looking at world data as well as new ways of thinking.The message I really took away from this book is the world is not perfect. We have a lot of work to do, but to not forget all we have achieved, to take encouragement from this, to continue to improve.
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  • ☘Misericordia☘ ~ The Serendipity Aegis ~ ⚡ϟ⚡ϟ⚡⛈ ✺❂❤❣
    January 1, 1970
    This is either a very cruel book or a very fair one, and I'm not sure which one. On the one hand, the author is extremely sharp in that he realizes that bisection of the world is severely crippling to rational thinking process. When it becomes 'us' and 'them', most of our thinking processes will be black and white colored, or rather discolored. What we keep missing is that this world is complex and multifaceted enough to fit into no nice and tidy boxes. So, understanding that there are more than This is either a very cruel book or a very fair one, and I'm not sure which one. On the one hand, the author is extremely sharp in that he realizes that bisection of the world is severely crippling to rational thinking process. When it becomes 'us' and 'them', most of our thinking processes will be black and white colored, or rather discolored. What we keep missing is that this world is complex and multifaceted enough to fit into no nice and tidy boxes. So, understanding that there are more than 2 ways to live and more than 2 types of countries and more than 2 political parties and more than 2 ways to have a prospering state governance and ... and ... and ... is precious. And it's hindered by the tribal 'us'/'them' classification.He's also very right about our usage of outdated statistics and our lack of understanding of how data works.He's very wrong about diminishing the role of mass media in development of generations of people who - know next to nothing on the scientific way of thought, cannot think for themselves, cannot see neither the big picture nor the small one;- are gullible (i.e. my 'friend' writes anything on Facebook and I go on to believe it...);- cannot distinguish between horrible, questionable and reliable sources of info (feel free to use your own classification here), i.e.: Facebooks posts, World Bank data, blog entries, articles from around the web, research of different types and other stuff - everything gets lumped in these modern heads and become a congealed mass of truth, lies, wishful thinking, misrepresented info, incomprehensible blabber...Basically, people don't know how to use healthy skepticism for the info they are being spoon-fed. The don't even realize they have this option. Some guy or gal with PHD and a bunch of publications supposedly said this and that to some blogger or journalist and this becomes the new evidence of anything: - hackers, Russian or otherwise,- chemical weapons of varied countries, - health benefits of anything, - freethinking and progressive nature of [place your religion/persuasion/political inclinations here], - bloodthirsty and dated and inhuman nature of [place your religion/persuasion/political inclinations here]... ... and this becomes the new truth, right until the new information fad comes in vogue. I don't get the reason why the author suggests chucking the 'developing'/'developed' countries significators in favor of 'Levels' 1 to 4. Probably I should read way less trash but I immediately had a flashback to Districts in Hunger Games. Anyway, why 4 groups? Why not 5? Maybe 3 would have been less confusing? Or could it be that 10 might have allowed us to explore the shades of human misery and else in more relief? Why 4? Also, the author is making a big deal out of the fact that most world's population seems to be living in the middle class... To me, the author's description of the 'middle class (Lvls 2 and 3) sounded like something not exactly from Dante's Hell but very close to it. Basically, he proves that 6 bln out of our current 7 live in various shades of misery, from abject to hopeful, which is not as ground-shaking realization as he might be thinking. The difference is that when we think of middle class, we almost never think of it in terms of his Lvls 2 and 3... Our perception is strongly rooted in what he puts in the Lvl 4 bucket. So, we are not really always thinking of the middle class, when we are thinking of it, and our perception should be more humble and terminology more precise.
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  • Andy
    January 1, 1970
    Rosling writes about the most important things in the world and does so in an accessible and entertaining style. He busts myths using facts. This is what non-fiction is supposed to be. Much of what "everybody knows" and that we read in the news every day is wrong, because hardly anyone bothers to do reality-checking. This is a recurring problem in non-fiction books, including ones about science. So, when finally someone is exposing ignorance, clarifying truth, and exploring logical implications, Rosling writes about the most important things in the world and does so in an accessible and entertaining style. He busts myths using facts. This is what non-fiction is supposed to be. Much of what "everybody knows" and that we read in the news every day is wrong, because hardly anyone bothers to do reality-checking. This is a recurring problem in non-fiction books, including ones about science. So, when finally someone is exposing ignorance, clarifying truth, and exploring logical implications, I am going to give him 5 stars. Gapminder and this book are great gifts to the world. Rosling will be missed. Viva facts!
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  • Daniel Clausen
    January 1, 1970
    This is probably one of the most important books available today. Why? Because our world is desperately in need of a shared sense of reality, and it's very important that this reality has a solid grounding in science and reason. The book is not without its controversy. The charts and graphs mostly come from UN and World Bank statistics. Many people will argue about the "factfulness" of the various datasets presented in this book-- after all, your faith in the science and facts of these books als This is probably one of the most important books available today. Why? Because our world is desperately in need of a shared sense of reality, and it's very important that this reality has a solid grounding in science and reason. The book is not without its controversy. The charts and graphs mostly come from UN and World Bank statistics. Many people will argue about the "factfulness" of the various datasets presented in this book-- after all, your faith in the science and facts of these books also assumes your faith in the institutions collecting data (over and above other institutions like your local church). But if you do have faith in these institutions, then you'll see that just because the institutions and the data aren't perfect (just like many other things in modern life) they are improving. The relentless pursuit of progress also extends to our statistical understanding of the things around us. For my part, one of the most striking things about the book is how uncontroversial its assertions are...and how simple the statistical facts of the world can be rendered. At one point in the book, the author asks harder epistemological questions. For those who have a more mystical understanding of vaccinations, chemicals, and even modern science, the author asks "What evidence would make you change your mind?". Regrettably, for most of the world, the answer is this: "If the answer benefits my tribe and its particular world-view, then yes, easily accepted....oh, and by the way, I'll use the open-mindedness of non-tribal people against themselves by sewing the seeds of skepticism while continuing to build walls to protect my tribe's worldview." Will you ever be able to convince a climate change skeptic to accept climate change? My own very controversial answer is this: Only if you can co-opt their tribe. That is very different than getting a tribe to buy into the shared world of factfulness. My best guess is that this method of argument works within a worldview of competing tribes: Your tribe will have beneficial treatment, jobs, and prestige within this world and protection from other tribes. (Notice how the language of shared humanism is absent and the language hierarchy of tribes is emphasized).A true understanding of science requires that we always regard truths as provisional and that we look for falsifying evidence. My fear is that eventually the world will become so polluted by tribal world-views that all forms of shared factfulness will become polluted by tribalism. Zero-sum competition will lay waste to the public utility that is a shared fact-based world. There is one very controversial assertion in this book that I would like to reflect on. At several points, the author asserts that our current methods of pursuing progress are working. Child mortality rates are falling, crime is falling, battle deaths are falling, and national economies are rising out of poverty. I don't doubt the assertion within the framework of the book, but I do wonder about our current moment in history. A time when: 1- populism2- social media enhanced sectarianism3- the displacement of localisms by globalization 4- and discontent with the vast changes in technologyare leading to the most difficult problem of our time: tribalism. As tribalism increases, our modern scientific tools for tackling climate change, political violence, disaster relief, and the fragility of the global economy deteriorate. As they deteriorate, zero-sum competition between tribes looks more logical. The tools of tribalism are becoming more visible: demonization and humiliation of enemies, the hoarding of resources, and the use of conflict over cooperation. This is not a problem I'm ready to answer right now, but Rosling's thesis that public education may restore our confidence in these tools and roll back tribalism does provide some hope if not a sufficient political answer to our current moment in history.
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  • Apoorva
    January 1, 1970
    Factfulness is written by Hans Rosling, a doctor, a researcher, and a lecturer in global health along with his son Ola and daughter-in-law Anna Rosling, both of whom were responsible for compiling the data. The data is presented in the form of bubble charts, graphs and it’s verified by international organizations.The aim of the book is to fight ignorance and dramatic worldview with well-researched facts and global statistics. This book starts off with a quick 13 question quiz to test how you see Factfulness is written by Hans Rosling, a doctor, a researcher, and a lecturer in global health along with his son Ola and daughter-in-law Anna Rosling, both of whom were responsible for compiling the data. The data is presented in the form of bubble charts, graphs and it’s verified by international organizations.The aim of the book is to fight ignorance and dramatic worldview with well-researched facts and global statistics. This book starts off with a quick 13 question quiz to test how you see the world in general. The author then proceeds to explain the world and banish misconceptions using different instincts. Key points : When you use the GPS in your car, it is important that it is using the right information. It’s obsolete to divide the countries into developed and developing countries. The majority fit into developed countries. It’s proper to classify countries into 4 income levels starting from Level 1 that has poorest countries to Level 4 that has richest countries.The majority of people live in the middle and the author explains how life looks like on all levels based on his interviews with people on all levels. This new way of classification helps to understand the world in a practical way without any prejudice and misconceptions by dividing the world into two categories. You can look at the lives of people on different levels by visiting Dollar Street, a project where lives of about 300 families in more than 50 countries have been photographed and documented. Warning: Objects in Your Memories Were Worse Than They Appear. The author dispels the negativity instinct i.e. ‘Things are getting worse’ by presenting the improvements that happened and those that are taking place actively. Some improvements are happening so gradually that they’re inconspicuous so it’s easier to dismiss them. Small advances go unreported by the media but these changes add up in a long run. Also, people tend to glorify their pasts. I’m sure you’ve come across people who start the sentence with ‘In those good old days’, this only strengthens the negativity bias. There’s no room for facts when our minds are occupied by fear. The attention-grabbing news is the one that generates fear in our mind. The author explains why and how our fear instinct is invoked and urges us to understand the difference between what’s frightening and what’s dangerous as it leads us to shift our attention from something that’s risky to something that’s mildly harmful.This can cause people to make rash decisions by calling on our urgency instinct. Thinking about the worst case scenarios only makes people take quick decisions without thinking critically. The world cannot be understood without numbers. And it cannot be understood with numbers alone. The size instinct leads us to get things out of proportion by shifting our focus to an individual entity. It’s important to compare a lone number with another to get a clear image for eg. We should compare data from the present with the past. Also, the most important thing is to understand what the numbers explain about the real world.The generalization instinct leads us to group together things which are unrelated and on a large scale, it forms a stereotype that can cause people to draw wrong conclusions about a certain entity. The author also illustrated how the cultures, religious values, people and nations constantly changing and progressing. If you really want to change the world you have to understand it. The single perspective instinct leads people to conclude that all problems have a single cause and they blame a singular identity like the government or the management while reality is much more complex than that. It’s better to be open to different ideas. Conclusion : Still I’m possibilistic. The next generation is like the last runner in a very long relay race. The author is candid while putting forward facts and he has used experiences from his life to present his ideas. He also admits the mistakes he made in the past due to ignorance and his instincts which make reading the book an interesting experience. While reading, you can just feel how dedicated he is to his work.I don’t mean to be dramatic (!) but reading this book has really been an eye-opening experience as I got to see the world from a fresh perspective. Journalists and documentarians prefer to tell stories that create conflict and hence, they should not be relied upon to show the unfiltered picture of the world.Despite explaining how media is responsible for presenting the distorted view of the world, the author does not blame them; he blames the different instincts that guide people. In order to break away from those instincts, he urges us to constantly keep updating our knowledge and changing our views in accordance with the newly discovered facts.This book does not try to make us see the world through rose tinted glasses, far from it. The author admits that the world is still bad but there’s no denying that it has gotten better and it is getting better. This was a very insightful and informative book. I believe this book should be read by everyone..
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  • Mats Mehrstedt
    January 1, 1970
    In the last decades of his life Hans Rosling (1948 – 2017) made a world-wide career lecturing to large corporations, Wall Street bankers, hedge fund managers and gatherings of Nobel laureates and heads of states such as in Davos, about the statistics of the world. Roslings son invented a software so that you could present statistics with moving, shrinking and growing bubbles in different colors, which made an otherwise boring subject highly entertaining. The program could even be sold to Google. In the last decades of his life Hans Rosling (1948 – 2017) made a world-wide career lecturing to large corporations, Wall Street bankers, hedge fund managers and gatherings of Nobel laureates and heads of states such as in Davos, about the statistics of the world. Rosling´s son invented a software so that you could present statistics with moving, shrinking and growing bubbles in different colors, which made an otherwise boring subject highly entertaining. The program could even be sold to Google.Now, if you want to make a lot of money with people like this, you better tell them what they want to hear, or the invitations may dry up. Rosling´s message is that everything is getting better. Did you know that the number of extremely poor people have halved in the last 20 years? Did you know that the majority of the world´s population do not live in poor countries but in middle-income countries? Did you know that 80% of the world´s 1-year-olds have been vaccinated (against “some” disease)? Everything is getting better. At a slow pace, but it is getting there, so there´s no need to worry. Unless there is an outbreak of Ebola or some such thing.Rosling is not lying. Everybody can check these statistics themselves on the internet. But, as it is with statistics, you pick some and leave others out. And then there are those less-than-scientific value judgments. What is a “middle-income country”? If you look closely, if you make more than 2 dollars a day you are already there, according to Rosling. Now, if you are lucky, you might even be able to buy a bicycle and go into town and maybe even get a job in one of the garment factories! Imagine that! Progress is there! That progress is so slow that your generation and the next few ones may not live to see it should be of no concern.Why do the Africans risk their lives as refugees in the middle of all this progress? Because the EU won´t allow them to come by plane. Yes, that is a small part of the answer, but just a very small part and it does not explain why people leave their countries in the first place when there is no war.In the middle of the book Rosling has two honest pages about an African woman who talked to him after one of his lectures. She said Rosling was a good talker but he had no vision, which he found unfair. Then she said “Do you think Africans will settle with getting rid of extreme poverty and be happy living in only ordinary poverty?” She said his attitude was the same old European attitude Africans had lived with for centuries. Now, it honors Rosling that he mentions this, but he did not learn anything from it, obviously. On the very next page, as on all the others, he keeps going on as before.The over 1000-year-old nordic Edda says “One thing I know that never dies – the judgment over a dead man”.Hans Rosling was born in a working class family. He did many great things as a doctor in Africa and India. But he should have closed his ears to the siren call of fame and Big Money. He became a tranquilizer for the ruling class.
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  • Tanja Berg
    January 1, 1970
    The first time I saw Rosling, he was explaining on television that most of the Syrian refugees are displaced in their own country, and not on their way to Europe. He had so many bright ideas. I was deeply saddened to hear of his death and I immediately shied from the postmortem released books. I did not want to be reminded. Eventually I realized my foolishness and this week I've been reading "Factfulness" while at the same time listening to Rosling's memoir on audio.We need to learn to hold two The first time I saw Rosling, he was explaining on television that most of the Syrian refugees are displaced in their own country, and not on their way to Europe. He had so many bright ideas. I was deeply saddened to hear of his death and I immediately shied from the postmortem released books. I did not want to be reminded. Eventually I realized my foolishness and this week I've been reading "Factfulness" while at the same time listening to Rosling's memoir on audio.We need to learn to hold two thoughts in our head at the same time: the world has gotten a lot better, and some things are still really bad. At the start of the book is a quiz with 13 questions, on which most people across the world score worse than if they had guessed at random. As an example, question 2: where do the majority of people live? A. Low-income countries B. Middle-income countries C. High income countries.Although I managed a high score, much because I grew up in a poverty level 2 country and saw it move to 3 within the span of a decade, this was still an incredibly insightful and useful book. It is one that everyone should read. It presents facts and anecdotes, and most of all, tools to better understand the world.Tools for factfulness:1. Gap - check for the majority2. Deterioration - expect bad news3. Linearity - not all lines are straight4. Fear - evaluate risks5. Size - put things in the right perspective6. Generalization - question your categories7. Fate - observe slow changes8. One-sidedness - get more tools9. Blame - avoid pointing fingers10. Emergency - take small stepsThe world is no longer divided into rich and poor. This category is no longer meaningful. Rosling identifies four categories depending on income. The people in the different categories live in a similar way regardless if it's China or Nigeria, Egypt or USA.Don't stress. Check your facts. The world is better than it's ever been. This does not mean there are no things to combat, it simply means that fewer people die from preventable disease than before. Mortality and births are down. Read this book, your life will be better for having done so.If you only read one book this year, or in a decade, or your life, let it be this one.
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  • Shalini Sinha
    January 1, 1970
    "Factfulness" is one of the most influential books published in 2018. The greatest deal about it is not the facts or fancy numbers & graphs (I still love them) it has, but that how it teaches one to think logically by taking everything to the basics rather than already starting with an opinion or using analogies to reach a conclusion. Hans Rosling wrote this book when he was on his deathbed, diagnosed with incurable pancreatic cancer. The only thing that made this drastic change in his perso "Factfulness" is one of the most influential books published in 2018. The greatest deal about it is not the facts or fancy numbers & graphs (I still love them) it has, but that how it teaches one to think logically by taking everything to the basics rather than already starting with an opinion or using analogies to reach a conclusion. Hans Rosling wrote this book when he was on his deathbed, diagnosed with incurable pancreatic cancer. The only thing that made this drastic change in his personal life bearable was the book. He didn't live long enough to read the final draft, to get the book published, to see it become a massive success or to bliss over people reading it generations after generations. Being a doctor, Rosling spent his whole life working for the underprivileged and the unfortunate ones in different countries of the world. He was a visionary who saw the world different from us; and this is a chronicle of the success stories, experiences as well the failures that he shared with the world.STRONGLY RECOMMENDED for everyone.If you want to understand the world or improve your rational thinking, this could be one of the books to start with.
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  • Mehrsa
    January 1, 1970
    Why I am right and everyone is wrong. I gave a bunch of really smart people a quiz and they all got it wrong --how could they be so dumb? The book proceeds in this way. The point is taken--things are way better than they seem. I get it. I believe his facts (though I dispute some of his rosy conclusions about the world), but I could not get over his condescending cockiness.
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  • Scott
    January 1, 1970
    This book came highly recommended by The Economist, amongst others, though to me it was unsurprising, lacked particularly interesting conclusions, and felt rather tedious. The work begins with a quiz consisting of 13 questions. The author claims that a 2017 study asked the same questions to 20k participants, and on average respondents got a mere 2 of the first 12 questions right, with one participant of 20k getting 11 of the 12 correct. However, my own results showed 10 / 13, and when I shared t This book came highly recommended by The Economist, amongst others, though to me it was unsurprising, lacked particularly interesting conclusions, and felt rather tedious. The work begins with a quiz consisting of 13 questions. The author claims that a 2017 study asked the same questions to 20k participants, and on average respondents got a mere 2 of the first 12 questions right, with one participant of 20k getting 11 of the 12 correct. However, my own results showed 10 / 13, and when I shared the quiz with three friends, their scores were between 8 & 10 of 13 correct. So, perhaps continuing to read the book was a mistake - effectively what follows is a question-by-question review of the statistics behind the answers - perhaps enlightening if you manage only a couple of correct answers, but rather dull if the questions seem humdrum. There are several points which dull the book: 1) assumption of linear progress - essentially the book assumes that the significant progress on key indicators is monotonically increasing with time into the future (i.e. the African middle class has increased by X over the past Y years, and at current growth rates the middle class will be Z). 2) abuse of averages - the author notes the danger of using averages to describe populations without understanding the underlying distributions, then proceeds to barrage the reader with averages while offering little sense of the underlying distributions, and so failing to address key underlying questions (is the progress indicated the result of economic growth? Mass migration to cities? Other factors?) 3) correlation is not causality - there seems to be a consistent tendency to obscure when the discussion is seeking to illustrate correlation and when he argues for a causal relationship, and as a result, it is fails to offer a compelling case for causal factors and, in many cases, even to consider underlying drivers of progress (and, therefore, to consider risks to such progress). In summary, if you score poorly on the quiz and could use a summary glance at key development statistics and how they have evolved in recent decades, this can be a useful primer. Otherwise, flip through the summaries at the end of each chapter, understand his argument that data is a better indicator of reality than media, and call it a day.
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  • Marilla
    January 1, 1970
    I got this as an ARC from Goodreads Giveaways (do you know happy that made me? It is true I had a 20% chance of getting it, as opposed to the 0.0118% chance most of these giveaways have, but still. My first ARC! All the imperfections and missing dates and awkward formatting was very endearing).Anyway, I'm not usually a reader of nonfiction, but this seemed interesting, and I obtained it, so obviously I read it. It was actually really good. Rosling was a very interesting narrator, which I decided I got this as an ARC from Goodreads Giveaways (do you know happy that made me? It is true I had a 20% chance of getting it, as opposed to the 0.0118% chance most of these giveaways have, but still. My first ARC! All the imperfections and missing dates and awkward formatting was very endearing).Anyway, I'm not usually a reader of nonfiction, but this seemed interesting, and I obtained it, so obviously I read it. It was actually really good. Rosling was a very interesting narrator, which I decided pretty early on (as in, page three), because he starts out with talking about sword swallowing and then goes on to tell us about how he occasionally does it at the end of his lectures. That immediately was very endearing, considering the last nonfiction book I read was Outliers by the esteemed but irritatingly condescending Malcom Gladwell, and Rosling did nothing to take away my respect throughout the book. He is very passionate about his subject, and he brings in tons of experiences he's had as examples, which adds both interesting details and credibility.I just like his voice, okay?This may be because I did agree with him on a lot of topics. (Okay, that probably plays a rather prominent role.) I'm big into looking at all the facts and evidence available first before jumping to conclusions, and one of the things that irritates me the most is when people are presented with absolute evidence and still go on pretending it doesn't exist. The facts are right there, people.(To quote Tamora Pierce (in a review for a nonfiction book (shh)): "You can smack some people in the face with a haddock and they’ll still call it a mouse if a mouse is what they want to see.")I'm also very interested in the environment and consumer trends and could connect this book a lot to one of my classes, in which we learn about such things, so it was interesting to get a perspective on the same topics we were studying that was a lot more in-depth and a lot more interesting than my textbook.(The Gapminder website is pretty cool too.)One of my favorite concepts from Factfulness was "possibilist"."People often call me an optimist, because I show them the enormous progress they didn't know about. This makes me angry. I'm not an optimist. That makes me sound naive. I'm a very serious 'possibilist.' That's something I made up. It means someone who neither hopes without reason, nor fears without reason, someone who constantly resists the overdramatic worldview. As a possibilist, I see all this progress, and it fills me with conviction and hope that future progress is possible. This is not optimistic. It is having a clear and reasonable idea about how things are. It is having a worldview that is constructive and useful." Also, another favorite quote:“Educating girls has proven to be one of the world’s best ideas ever.”I would highly recommend this book. I already have, actually: "Oh, you should read this book! In April. When it comes out. Or you can borrow my copy if you simply cannot wait that long!"I had lots of feelings with this book - not the fiction pull-the-heartstrings feelings and more the this-is-good-and-logical-and-makes-me-happy feelings. Why is logic so hard for some people to understand?The most helpful view presented, actually, was the view that things can be "both bad and better". The world can be improving, but that's not to say there is nothing negative in the world and that there are not terrible things and people are not struggling. Things can be bad. But they can also be getting better. I feel like that kinda sums up the book itself.
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  • Christine
    January 1, 1970
    I won a copy of this book from Goodreads Giveaways. This is honestly one of the most eye-opening, opinion changing books I have ever read. Especially in today’s political climate, everything feels like the worst case scenario and it can be hard to know what to do without losing hope. Factfulness gives real, data-based information about how we use information and how to do that better. It is frank and it is real and I have never felt so empowered in my life. The tips and explanations in here are I won a copy of this book from Goodreads Giveaways. This is honestly one of the most eye-opening, opinion changing books I have ever read. Especially in today’s political climate, everything feels like the worst case scenario and it can be hard to know what to do without losing hope. Factfulness gives real, data-based information about how we use information and how to do that better. It is frank and it is real and I have never felt so empowered in my life. The tips and explanations in here are so useable and so relatable and so simple, I can start using them right now and I feel like I’ll have need to use them forever. Seriously, this feels right now like a must read book.
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  • aPriL does feral sometimes
    January 1, 1970
    “Factfulness’ is about you being convinced to view through rose-colored lenses each metaphorical cup of water provided by NGO/government/charity is half-full! The respectably-sourced graphs and charts included show the economic, health, and wealth status of the people of earth are ever climbing higher and higher statistically, so the author concludes it is logical to project that the wealth, education, and health of even the lowliest, most impoverished, most despised and ignorant classes of peop “Factfulness’ is about you being convinced to view through rose-colored lenses each metaphorical cup of water provided by NGO/government/charity is half-full! The respectably-sourced graphs and charts included show the economic, health, and wealth status of the people of earth are ever climbing higher and higher statistically, so the author concludes it is logical to project that the wealth, education, and health of even the lowliest, most impoverished, most despised and ignorant classes of people will be in the future equal to that of Bill Gates some day! Hallelujah! Smart mansions will be in all of our futures! Each of us will be smart and educated as Ph.D. graduates of a college with the stature of Yale or Harvard or MIT! There will be unlimited electricity, pure water on tap, elaborate heating and air filtering and and robotic devices to make all of us as comfortable as rich men are today! All of us will have walk-in closets the size of ballrooms, filled to the brim with hundreds of dresses and suits and shoes each costing $50,000 (current dollars) a piece because of the couture sewing and materials! We all will be able to possess gorgeous works of art, and the most rarest of food delicacies with exotic ingredients, with music in the background provided by musicians of spectacular skill! All of us can fly and visit foreign countries on private jets, experiencing exotic cultures, foods and sights with beautiful healthy companions serviced by the best plastic surgeons and doctors giving the best preventive dental and healthcare!Oh, wait. Snap! These graphs are about what percentage of people sleep under a roof even if it is only tin or plastic, or eat at least once a day, or whether they earn at least enough money for a couple of buckets of water, and some electrical power a day or a visit from a traveling nurse once in awhile. Some school at least was available for most kids for up to nine years, whether books and pencils and computers were there or not. People do not really need to know more than basic reading and writing, right? That all counts as a higher quality of lifestyle, if surviving on the minimums required for happiness and health are met, right? Besides ignorance is bliss! It has been proven over and over people are happy with just the basics of life. The elites are successfully eliminating poverty, misery, and ignorance! These poor folks (by Western standards, but not by local standards) have twenty-four hour reliable electricity to look forward to someday, right? even if not now. Some day all third-world middle-class folk (by local third-world standards) will always have clean water on tap, garbage pickup and recycling, consistently supplied twenty-four hour power for refrigerated foods and medical serums, and top world-quality health care like all of the upper classes all over the world.I answered the author's questions in the beginning of the book about factual world knowledge all correctly, so I guess I understand and have retained what I have learned from studying past UN surveys correctly similar to the author, and perhaps more knowledgeably than most. However, confidence about the future of Mankind seems much more uncertain to me than what the authors or elites believe. Elites and many in the more privileged middle-classes, at least based on this book, think underplaying suffering and lack of resources is a good thing! It is a Good if you have electricity four hours or less a day! It is a Good if you were allowed to go to school for nine years! It is fantastic if you have something to eat at least once a day or someplace to call home, even if it doesn’t have a legal title or plumbing! Who cares if you prefer medical care based on home remedies and witchcraft because of your 9th-grade education and lack of money for extras like a real hospital with working MRI’s or antibiotics or medicines? Or that the roads are full of holes, if they exist at all, the air is unbreathable, dead animals lie in gutters everywhere alongside garbage? You are better off than last year, and you are certain to have improvement next year, despite global warming and growing environmental degradation. Statistics don’t lie! Especially projections made on the most positive of guesses, ignoring many other ongoing conditions like the environment and government instability and culture wars. If you can’t finish your homework because the power is unreliable or goes off at 7:00 pm, not to return until 1:00pm tomorrow, well, be happy, don’t worry! You got a few hours of juice for refrigerators or light! If your food is simple without much varied nutrition, hey, you ate something filling! Maybe the droughts will stop instead of slowly getting worse year after year. Elites will for sure provide something, whatever it may cost you to get. If you live in one of the millions of shacks without a house address, running water or a toilet, at least you got a tin roof or a plastic sheet which keeps the mud floor from flooding more than a couple of inches! Maybe the NGO surveyors will find your ‘house’, or whatever, next year along with the garbage collectors, plumbers, and professional construction workers!
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  • Amin
    January 1, 1970
    نظریه تکاملی، بجای استفاده ای رایج که برای توصیف هر چیز از ابتدای تاریخ تا دوران مدرن بکار میرود، می تواند به شیوه ای هوشمندانه دنیای مدرن را در مقابل غریزه ها قرار دهد و هم باورپذیرتر باشد و هم، به حوزه ای تخصصی تر بپردازد. روسلینگ با این شیوه ده مورد از غرایز بشری را که با تجربه وسیع خودش بدانها صحه گذاشته، و برای بقای نسل بشر لازم میدانسته، مبنای بحث خودش قرار میدهد تا نشان بدهد چطور همان غرایز حال راه را برای فهم واقعیت محور ما از جهان می بندند، چرا که هنوز عادت داریم با همان عینک غریزی به د نظریه تکاملی، بجای استفاده ای رایج که برای توصیف هر چیز از ابتدای تاریخ تا دوران مدرن بکار میرود، می تواند به شیوه ای هوشمندانه دنیای مدرن را در مقابل غریزه ها قرار دهد و هم باورپذیرتر باشد و هم، به حوزه ای تخصصی تر بپردازد. روسلینگ با این شیوه ده مورد از غرایز بشری را که با تجربه وسیع خودش بدانها صحه گذاشته، و برای بقای نسل بشر لازم میدانسته، مبنای بحث خودش قرار میدهد تا نشان بدهد چطور همان غرایز حال راه را برای فهم واقعیت محور ما از جهان می بندند، چرا که هنوز عادت داریم با همان عینک غریزی به دنیا بنگریماما این تنها نقطه شروع کتاب است، کتابی که با اشاراتی تامل برانگیز به فهم نادرست سیستماتیک ما از دنیا، فارغ از تحصیلات و سطح رفاه و دانش آغاز می شود و برای متهم کردن ما هم از خودش شروع می کند. راه حل را هم البته عرضه می کند، در دنیای پیشرفته امروز که دسترسی به اطلاعات و داده ها و تکنولوژی های ارتباطی ساده است، فهم بهتر و داده محور از دنیا هم ساده تر و البته مفید تر خواهد بود. نقد صریحی هم بر ژورنالیسم رایج دارد، گرچه تمام و کمال تقصیر را به گردن آنها نمی اندازد و به آن به چشم فرصتی برای ژورنالیسم نگاه می کند که تنها بر روی موج استفاده ما از غرایز سوار شده و برای آنها موقعیتی مناسب ایجاد کرده تا توجه ما را به کسب و کار خودشان جلب کنندممکن من خواننده با تمام استفاده ها از داده ها و نتایجی که از آنها می گیرد موافق نباشم، یا برای افراد آشنا با تفکر سیستمی و خطاهای ادراکی، برخی از فصل ها حالتی تکراری یا مشابه با بحثهای سایر محققان داشته باشند، اما مطالعه دوباره همین فصل ها نیز همچنان خواندنی و مفید هستند، با چاشنی طنز و شیرین زبانی نویسنده، کوله باری از تجربه و خاطراتی خواندنی از ماموریت های کاری در دشوارترین شرایط. این زندگی پربار که کمی پیش از چاپ این کتاب برای نویسنده به پایان رسید، با جانشین پروری فوق العاده ای هم تکمیل شده که کمتر این روزها در فضای آکادمیک سراغ داریم. یعنی خویشاوندان نزدیک وی که نه تنها در نگارش کتاب با وی همکاری کرده اند، بلکه بعد از فوت وی به خوبی توانمندی لازم برای ادامه کار را دارند
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  • SeyedMahdi Hosseini
    January 1, 1970
    نظر شما چیست؟ جهان آینده را چگونه تصور میکنید؟ سوالات ذیل را مرور کنیم.- امروزه در تمامی کشورهای با سطح درآمد پایین در جهان، چند درصد از دانشآموزان دختر تحصیلات ابتدایی را به پایان میرسانند؟ الف) 20 درصد ب) 40 درصد ج) 60 درصد- در بیست سال گذشته، درصد جمعیت جهان که در فقر شدید زندگی میکنند ...الف) تقریبا دو برابر شده است ب) تقریبا همان اندازه، بیشتر یا کمتر باقی مانده است ج) تقریبا به نصف کاهش پیدا کرده است- امروزه در دنیا 2 میلیارد کودک بین سنین 0 تا 15 سال وجود دارد. طبق گفته سازمان ملل متحد در نظر شما چیست؟ جهان آینده را چگونه تصور می‌کنید؟ سوالات ذیل را مرور کنیم.- امروزه در تمامی کشورهای با سطح درآمد پایین در جهان، چند درصد از دانش‌آموزان دختر تحصیلات ابتدایی را به پایان می‌رسانند؟ الف) 20 درصد ب) 40 درصد ج) 60 درصد- در بیست سال گذشته، درصد جمعیت جهان که در فقر شدید زندگی می‌کنند ...الف) تقریبا دو برابر شده است ب) تقریبا همان اندازه، بیشتر یا کمتر باقی مانده است ج) تقریبا به نصف کاهش پیدا کرده است- امروزه در دنیا 2 میلیارد کودک بین سنین 0 تا 15 سال وجود دارد. طبق گفته سازمان ملل متحد در سال 2100 چند کودک در جهان وجود خواهند داشت؟الف) 4 میلیارد ب) 3 میلیارد ج) 2 میلیارد- در سراسر جهان، آقایان دارای سی سال سن به طور متوسط ده سال از عمرشان را در مدرسه گذرانده‌اند، خانمهای همسن‌شان به طور متوسط چند سال از عمر خود را در مدرسه گذرانده‌اند؟الف) 9 سال ب) 6 سال ج) 3 سالبهتر است پاسخ را در کتاب factfulness نوشته هانس رزلینگ پیدا کنید. (برای اینکه کنجکاوی که نویسنده می‌خواهد در ابتدای کتاب ایجاد کند باقی بماند و به قولی اسپویل نشود)کتاب را هنگامی برای مطالعه انتخاب کردم که دیدم بیل گیتس تعداد زیادی از نسخه‌های آن را به فارغ‌التحصیلان کالجها و دانشگاههای آمریکا هدیه داده است. او می‌نویسد: «این کتاب یکی از مهمترین کتابهای آموزشی است که تاکنون مطالعه کرده‌ام.»تاکنون به فارسی توسط حداقل 6 انتشارات مختلف ترجمه شده که البته من ترجمه‌ی بهار رحمتی نشر نوین را مطالعه کردم. عنوان فرعی آن هست: «ده دلیل برای اینکه ما درباره جهان اشتباه فکر می‌کنیم و چرا اتفاقات جهان از آن چه به نظر می‌رسند، بهترند.»مدتی قبل مطلب کوتاهی درباره اینکه خیلی وقتها از اطرافیان می‌شنویم قدیمها بهتر بود، نوشته بودم. اینکه خیلی وقتها حواسمان نیست که قدیم‌ها فاجعه بود. حکومتهای استبدادی و جنگها زیاد بودند و کشتار وحشیانه تعداد زیادی از مردم را به فلاکت می‌انداخت؛ اکثریت جامعه بی‌سواد بودند و هرگونه خرافات را باور می‌کردند؛ مردم بدون برق و اینترنت چه می‌کردند؛ سرما را چطور تحمل می‌کردیم؛ از کودکانی که به دنیا می‌آمدند چه تعدادی زنده می‌ماندند و چه بسیار مادرانی که سر زایمان جان خود را از دست می‌دادند.ممکن است هدف اصلی هانس رزلینگ، ایجاد دیدگاه مثبت در مخاطب نسبت به آینده‌ی جهان و در پی‌اش آرامش ذهنی و انگیزه‌های مثبت برای تلاش در ساخت آینده‌ای بهتر باشد ولی از این که بگذریم، یکی از مهمترین دستاوردهایش، مصداقهای بسیار زیبا و اثرگذار در تفکر نقادانه است. درواقع اگر به دنبال تمرینهای خوب برای تفکر نقادانه می‌گردید، پیشنهاد می‌کنم حتما آن را مطالعه کنید.یکی دیگر از فواید مطالعه‌ی این کتاب نیز یادآوری در جای جای آن هست که این اخبار بد هستند که به طور گسترده مورد توجه مخاطب قرار می‌گیرد و اگر خبرنگاران و رسانه‌های خبری، اخبار خوب را بیشتر از اخبار بد پوشش بدهند به بیکار شدن آنها یا تعطیلی آن رسانه می‌انجامد. لذا اثرات منفی روانی وابستگی به اخبار می‌تواند بسیار زیاد باشد و لازم است ضمن ایجاد تعادل در آن، نسبت به آنچه دریافت کرده‌ایم دیدگاهی نقادانه داشته باشیم.
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  • David
    January 1, 1970
    This is a fascinating book about how we think about the world, and many of the ways in which we think incorrectly. To start off, the reader is encouraged to take the Factfulness quiz. It consists of thirteen multiple-choice questions. Most people do worse than pure chance, i.e., a chimpanzee could achieve a better score! It goes to show how our thinking about the world is stereotypical, and not in accordance with the world as it really is.This book has much in common with a couple of books by St This is a fascinating book about how we think about the world, and many of the ways in which we think incorrectly. To start off, the reader is encouraged to take the Factfulness quiz. It consists of thirteen multiple-choice questions. Most people do worse than pure chance, i.e., a chimpanzee could achieve a better score! It goes to show how our thinking about the world is stereotypical, and not in accordance with the world as it really is.This book has much in common with a couple of books by Stephen Pinker; The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined and also Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress. Hans Rosling argues that the world is a much better place, in many ways, than it was just a few decades ago. Not better in all respects, but in many important aspects. The problem is that most people do not realize just how much better it has become--we still have stereotypical views of most of the world's population, and the trends that are happening now.The author offers advice on how to think more clearly, for example, "avoid lonely numbers." That is to say, do not place much emphasis on single numbers, because without some context, they do not say much without at least one other number for comparison. Rosling gives many concrete examples of things to keep in mind, when trying to make sense of trends, statistics, and numbers. The book is filled with anecdotes that show how generalizations can lead to faulty thinking--I just love the story about a student rushing to an elevator, stretching out her leg to keep the doors from closing. That is a perfectly OK thing to do in Sweden--but not necessarily in India.And, the author relates some anecdotes where he, himself was thinking incorrectly. He is humble enough to show that he sometimes makes these very mistakes, as illustrations of faulty thinking.While the book is fun to read, and very engaging, it does have some problems. It seems to be a bit repetitive at times, and maybe even a bit preachy. Nevertheless, it is worth reading, and probably everyone can learn a great deal from this book.
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  • ScienceOfSuccess
    January 1, 1970
    TL;DR People as not as rich, and not as poor as we expect them to be. We can blame media and education for this, but we can't change it.
  • Ross Blocher
    January 1, 1970
    Factfulness joins the ranks of worldview-changing books I heartily recommend to everyone. It offers an updated global perspective on economic development, health, and other key markers of wellness. One of the myths Rosling (and his co-authors Ola Rosling and Anna Rosling Rönnlund) sets out to dispel is the notion of "developing nations" versus "the developed world". Those categories cause us to picture the world as a collection of "haves" and "have-nots" with a large gap in between. This might h Factfulness joins the ranks of worldview-changing books I heartily recommend to everyone. It offers an updated global perspective on economic development, health, and other key markers of wellness. One of the myths Rosling (and his co-authors Ola Rosling and Anna Rosling Rönnlund) sets out to dispel is the notion of "developing nations" versus "the developed world". Those categories cause us to picture the world as a collection of "haves" and "have-nots" with a large gap in between. This might have been the case in 1965, but is not relevant to today's world, and the media have done a poor job of updating our understanding. Rosling demonstrates this progress with data and recommends an alternate model, parsing populations in terms of four economic levels, irrespective of which country they exist in:- Level 1 is extreme poverty, barely surviving on $2 per day or less. At this level you are likely barefoot, eating a diet of a simple dietary staple that lacks the full complement of nutrition you need. You walk long distances for dirty water, you cook your food on a basic wood fire, and sleep on a mat on the ground.- Level 2 finds you still in poverty, but with $4 per day you enjoy a markedly different daily experience. You'll have basic shoes and can even save up for a bike, you'll be cooking with gas, will have a slightly varied diet, your family will have a toothbrush to share and and a mattress to sleep on.- Level 3 (up to $16 per day) allows you to access running water, the chance at saving up for a motorcycle, cooking on a basic stove, enjoying a varied diet and a lack of food insecurity, a frame to put your mattress on, and everyone in the family gets their own toothbrush.- Level 4 (up to $32 per day and beyond) membership means you can buy a car, have water running in your own house, your stove and oven are fixed appliances, you have a nutritious and varied meals, sleep in a nice bed, and your family's toothbrushes might even be electric.These levels are consistent no matter where you live, and each country has a mix of residents from these levels, though the averages change. Only a billion of the world's population suffer in level 1 conditions (terrible, but a marked improvement from the past), some 3 billion live in level 2, 2 billion in level 3, and 1 billion in level 4. If we start to think in these categories, we can be more strategic in our aid, but also in supporting growing markets: many companies don't realize there's so much room for expansion in these "undeveloped" countries.Rosling begins the book with a 13-question quiz to gauge your knowledge of global vaccination, literacy, health, education, etc, and this review may already have primed you to perform better than most audiences he has encountered (and if you're familiar with Steven Pinker's excellent book Enlightenment Now you'll be even better primed). Funny enough, it's often the most educated audiences that have the worst intuitions about the world in these terms. Rosling regularly compares everyone's performance to that of chimpanzees, just to show that our intuitions are often worse than blind guesswork.The book is organized into chapters addressing instincts that lead us to think wrongly about the world, and Rosling uses data and anecdotes from his decades of work as an international doctor/researcher to reset our intuitions. There are ten instincts addressed: gap, negativity, straight line, fear, size, generalization, destiny, single perspective, blame, and urgency. I will resist spelling them out here, but they are valuable heuristics for evaluating what we see and hear. Rosling is hoping that, by being aware of our limitations and knowing which questions to ask, we will live lives based on "factfulness": the stress-reducing habit of only carrying opinions for which you have strong supporting facts.Sadly, Hans Rosling died of pancreatic cancer before this book was released. It was written as a joint effort with his son Ola and daughter-in-law Anna, co-founders of the Gapminder Foundation that pulled together many of the statistics used here. They completed it after his death, but it is written in his voice: serving as a final message to the world from a remarkable educator and human being.Silly side note: In my Christian upbringing, there was a popular praise song, Take My Life, with the lyrics: "Faithfulness, faithfulness is what I long for / Faithfulness is what I need / Faithfulness, faithfulness is what you want from meeee...." As you progress through the song, you swap out holiness, righteousness, and anything else your worship leader feels like throwing in. Every time I see this book, my mind starts automatically singing this song with "Factfulness". My friend Carrie (who gifted the book to me) said she did the same thing.
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  • Laura
    January 1, 1970
    From BBC Radio 4 - Book of the week:Why are people convinced that the world is more frightening than it really is? Hans Rosling thinks he has the answer.Professor Hans Rosling was 'the man in whose hands data sings'. He was dubbed 'a true inspiration' by Bill Gates and became a viral celebrity thanks to his popular TED talks which broke down the statistics behind global health and economics.Before his death in 2017 Rosling spent years asking global audiences simple questions about basic trends. From BBC Radio 4 - Book of the week:Why are people convinced that the world is more frightening than it really is? Hans Rosling thinks he has the answer.Professor Hans Rosling was 'the man in whose hands data sings'. He was dubbed 'a true inspiration' by Bill Gates and became a viral celebrity thanks to his popular TED talks which broke down the statistics behind global health and economics.Before his death in 2017 Rosling spent years asking global audiences simple questions about basic trends. How widespread is extreme poverty? What is life expectancy today? How many children in the world have been vaccinated? He quizzed everyone from medics to lecturers, bankers, political decision makers - even Nobel Laureates. And the results were always the same."Everyone seems to get the world not only devastatingly wrong, but systematically wrong. By which I mean, that these test results are worse than random. They are worse than the results I would get if the people answering my questions had no knowledge at all."Identifying key evolutionary instincts that prevent us from seeing the world as it really is, Rosling asks us to fundamentally shift our view of the world - but we have an engaging and entertaining guide on our journey.Abridged by Anna MagnussonRead by Adrian RawlinsProducer Eilidh McCreadie.https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09x...
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  • Erik
    January 1, 1970
    “We’re all gonna die,” whispered the young knight next to me.Twenty seven thoughts raced across my mind. First, knights weren’t as advertised. Did this one really use the word ‘gonna’ instead of ‘going to’? And what about this contraction ‘we’re’? I would’ve been expecting something like, “We shall all perish!” Pfft. Dissapoint. Second, I hadn’t had my breakfast, and I’d always sworn not to die on an empty stomach. Third, I suddenly realized that stars were basically transmutation machines… did “We’re all gonna die,” whispered the young knight next to me.Twenty seven thoughts raced across my mind. First, knights weren’t as advertised. Did this one really use the word ‘gonna’ instead of ‘going to’? And what about this contraction ‘we’re’? I would’ve been expecting something like, “We shall all perish!” Pfft. Dissapoint. Second, I hadn’t had my breakfast, and I’d always sworn not to die on an empty stomach. Third, I suddenly realized that stars were basically transmutation machines… did that mean stars could be considered philosopher stones? The other twenty four thoughts involved a menagerie of cat gifs, black holes, machine learning, and other such miscellanea. But most importantly, one of them involved a plan.I stepped forward to the Bridge of Death, before this wizened creature who had ejected several previous knights over the edge. In his craggy voice, he challenged me: “Who would cross the Bridge of Death must answer me these questions three, ere the other side he see.”Plan in mind, I boasted: “Ask me the questions bridge keeper, I’m not afraid!”“What is your name?” he spoke.“Sir Erik, of Goodreads.”“What is your quest?”“To write thoughtful, yet entertaining book reviews, for the titillation and cogitation of my fellow Knights of the Round Library.”“What is your favorite color?”“What do you mean favorite color? Favorite color of an apple? Favorite color shirt? Favorite color of hair? –And would this be the hair color of a man or a woman? And if a woman, what is her age, what is her nationality, and what is her relationship to me? And, indeed, what is my mood upon viewing this hair color – for if in depressive mood, the color must be bright, but in manic mood, it must instead be something earthy to ground me?”The bridge keeper looked at me, confused, and said,And *pooft* off he went over the side of the bridge. Plan: Successful.When my students ask me this question about my favorite color (or some other overly simplistic query), and I offer a similar response to the above, they look at me annoyed and say, “Jeez, why do you have to be so extra?”I look at them with a raised eyebrow and reply, “Why do you have to be so simple?”#If there’s any one theme to Factfulness, it’s this: Neither people, nor the world, are simple. So don’t treat them as simple. Instead, learn to see and embrace the complexity in both yourself and the world at large.In particular, Factfulness aims to disabuse readers of the simplistic notion peddled by the media (news, film, TV), politicians, and even well-meaning activists that the world is far worse than it is and is getting worse. It isn’t. Point in fact, human civilization – on average – is probably the best it’s ever been. Yes, ever. Chances are high, if you’re reading this, you live in a part of the world experiencing a golden age of peace, technology, and plenty.The way Factfulness accomplishes this is by (essentially) advocating for a scientific mindset that relies on data rather than instinct. Specifically, Factfulness identifies TEN instincts (or biases) that lead us astray. These are…The Gap Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to polarize categorization (aka the fallacy of false dichotomy). Good or evil. Rich or poor. Correct or incorrect. In reality, most things fall somewhere in the middle.The Negativity Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct, which was evolutionary useful for survival, to find negative events more dramatic and interesting than positive ones. And thus our news and stories tend to be skewed towards the negative rather than the positive. Good business, maybe, but not an accurate depiction of the state of humanity.The Straight Line Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct, what David Hume once invoked when he discussed his famous Problem of Induction, to assume that past trends continue into the future unchanged. However, this is false. The world is always changing, and majority of trends are best modeled with non-linear curves.The Fear Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to magnify the dangers of the things we fear and minimize the dangers of the things we do not fear. For example, in the US, terrorism has resulted in 3,662 deaths in the past 36 years – or about 100 deaths per year. On the other hand, traffic accidents result in 40,000 deaths per year, or 400 times the deaths due to terrorism. So why this weird conservative push to ban immigrants from terrorism hotspots? If safety is our goal, wouldn’t it make way more sense to ban immigrants from countries with poor driving records?The Size Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to think we understand numbers better than we do. In particular, single numbers are far less useful than rates. For example, did you know that India puts out 1.6 BILLION tonnes of Carbon per year? That’s 320 million elephants worth of carbon! Clearly, India is problematic when it comes to climate change.But are they?India’s carbon usage PER CAPITA is only 1.2 tonnes. The US carbon usage is fifteen times that, at 16.6 tonnes per capita. So between these two countries, who really should be expected to reduce their emissions? Who shares a greater blame for climate change and needs to lead the wold by setting a better example? [On this note, I would direct anyone serious about doing their part to UN's Climate Neutral Now program. Choose to be the hero, not the villain.].The Generalization Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to create excessively large categorizations or draw conclusions from insufficient data. We might well call this the ‘-ism’ instinct, as it’s responsible (with help from confirmation bias) for maintaining racism, sexism, and all the other -isms of the, um, I was gonna say rainbow but somehow that doesn't fit... what's the opposite of a rainbow? A big pile of unicorn turds? Yeah. That'll do.The Destiny Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to view the world as unchanging, or destined to be the way it is. For example, many Westerners assume Africa is somehow destined to be a war-torn, impoverished continent. Not so. By the middle of the century, Africa will almost certainly house some of the fastest growing economies – and business people would be fools to miss the investment opportunities.The Single (Perspective) Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to extend expertise beyond its domain or to assume that just because a solution worked in one instance, it will therefore work in all. For an example of the former, take this quote from Neil deGrasse Tyson: “Kids are born curious about the world. What adults primarily do in the presence of kids is unwittingly thwart the curiosity of children.”Now I like Neil deGrasse Tyson, but he's an astrophysicist and I'm pretty sure child psychology isn't part of the astrophysics curriculum. Maybe he's right, maybe he isn't. But there is absolutely no reason to believe any part of that quote just because he's a celebrity scientist who knows a lot about astronomical phenomena.P.S. He isn't right. The only adults I've ever seen who limit the creativity of children don't do it unwittingly. They do it on purpose, and often for the best of intentions. For example, parents teach their children they cannot leap off a building and fly away like a bird. Generally, this is a good thing to know: human beings don't fly with our bodies, we fly with our minds, as true of adults as it is of children.The Blame Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to assign blame (or credit) to individual people or initiatives. For example, many US voters vote out (or in) a president on the basis of the health of the economy. In reality, the president has little to no control over it. The systems of our civilization are ultra-complex and interconnected, and they function (or fail to function) because of the deeds of the many, not the few.The Urgency Instinct: This is the simplistic instinct to believe quick action is better than no action. In reality, and to borrow one of my favorite quotes, “The easiest way to do something is properly.” Taking the extra time to do something right is nearly always the best way to do it.And those are the ten instincts, each of which has its own chapter. Obviously, Factfulness goes into far greater detail, and each chapter is further spiced up with interesting charts and graphs, as well as anecdotes from the author’s time as a doctor and a lecturer.Now I'll be the first to admit I'm not a huge fan of non-fiction. Too often, I find it lacks voice, which makes the reading experience rather sterile. Not so here! There’s a distinct feeling of the author speaking to you, personally, and he’s not afraid to reveal his own fears and motives. Because of this, Factfulness manages that fine line between informative and entertaining, making it a light yet thought-provoking read.On the other hand, I would be failing Factfulness's affirmation of complexity if I let its flaws pass without comment. For example, the book begins with - and is structured around - a questionnaire meant to demonstrate the average person's ignorance of the world, but some of the questions are suspect. Here’s one: “Where do most of people live in the world?” [A: Low income countries B: Middle income countries C: High income countries.]”It’s a problematic question because the definitions of “low” / “middle” / “high” are ambiguous. Are they being defined statistically along a normal curve? That can’t be, because that would make the question pointlessly tautological: the answer would, by definition, be 'middle.' So how are they being defined? The author claims the “correct” answer is B – but relative to basically anyone reading the book, the real correct answer is A. Because how he defines “middle” income, as $2/day to $32/day is AT ITS HIGHEST ($11500 a year) below the poverty line for higher income countries – which is how the vast majority of respondents would define low income.In another example found within the Urgency Instinct chapter, the author makes a rather poignant confession. He admits to panicking and instituting a quarantine that causes a group of accidental deaths, the results of which he witnesses first-hand. He realizes he's to blame and thinks he made the wrong call. In fact, he's engaging in a bit of hindsight bias. Easy enough, looking back after he learns there was no actual need for the quarantine, that he should have chosen otherwise. But in the moment, with the information that was available? He chose to play it safe, and that was probably the best decision. I daresay most readers, unburdened as we are by any sense of guilt, would agree. This muddies the chapter as a whole. It's important to realize that it's true that many bad decisions are made because "leaders" are trying to avoid the appearance of inaction. But it's also important to realize that essentially every decision you ever make will be made with incomplete information and that there truly do exist situations in which doing nothing is the worst thing you can do.These are of course not the only do issues the book has, but there really aren't that many other flaws. Even with the rare stumble, the author makes a clear, intelligent, humble case that most of us (including leaders and experts) simply don’t have an accurate view of the world. In this age of the internet, globalization, and science, we can and should do better.
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  • Tom LA
    January 1, 1970
    I knew I would have enjoyed Factfulness but it’s even better than I thought. Rosling sounds a bit like Steven Pinker but without all the philosophical and historical bias that ruins Pinker’s books. The core message though is the same: the world is getting better, not worse. This is NOT a half-glass-full view. In fact, Rosling repeats over and over that he does not see himself as an optimist. Rather, he wants to help people see the world through data and facts. Given my hate for the distortion of I knew I would have enjoyed Factfulness but it’s even better than I thought. Rosling sounds a bit like Steven Pinker but without all the philosophical and historical bias that ruins Pinker’s books. The core message though is the same: the world is getting better, not worse. This is NOT a half-glass-full view. In fact, Rosling repeats over and over that he does not see himself as an optimist. Rather, he wants to help people see the world through data and facts. Given my hate for the distortion of reality operated on a daily basis by the media (always done - decades before “fake news”) I loved Rosling’s main point which is encouraging people to THINK properly and factually about our world, in a way that is not polluted by the screams of the media, by bias or by artificial narratives. And that is very, very difficult for everyone today. To think straight when the media are using all the possible techniques to make us think in a twisted way is difficult. Here is a quick summary of our “10 Dramatic Instincts” as listed by Rosling (and 10 reasons why we are wrong about the world):• The Gap Instinct: We tend to divide things into 2 distinct groups and imagine a gap between them.• The Negativity Instinct: We tend to instinctively notice the bad more than the good.• The Straight Line Instinct: When we see a line going up steadily, we tend to assume the line will continue to go up in the foreseeable future.• The Fear Instinct: We tend to perceive the world to be scarier than it really is.• The Size Instinct: We tend to see things out of proportion, over-estimating (a) the importance of a single event/person that’s visible to us, and (b) the scale of an issue based on a standalone number.• The Generalization Instinct: We tend to wrongly assume that everything or everyone in a category is similar.• The Destiny Instinct: We tend to assume that (a) the destinies of people, cultures, countries etc. are predetermined by certain factors, and (b) such factors are fixed and unchanging, i.e. their destinies are fixed.• The Single Perspective Instinct: We tend to focus on single causes or solutions, which are easier to grasp and make our problems seem easier to solve.• The Blame Instinct: When something goes wrong, we instinctively blame it on someone or something.• The Urgency Instinct: We tend to rush into a problem or opportunity for fear that there’s no time and we may be too late.What surprises me in reading some negative reviews here is how much many people love to cling to their negative and pessimistic view of the world — they can’t stand a book like this because they find the author too hopeful and optimistic. Which is missing the point of the book (and of being human, in my view). Rosling had a larger than life personality. You can see his energy in his TED talks, but it’s something that clearly comes through even from the pages of this book. You can’t help but laugh at the monkey face symbol that’s present on many of his graphs, to indicate the point where a chimp would have scored in a survey (of course, by giving a random answer out of three). Some reviewers took offense “Oh, he thinks everyone is an idiot!”. No no no no, again, you’re missing the mark by a mile: this is not about dissing or even about ego-mania. Sure everyone likes to toot their own horn, but this is clearly done in good spirits, it’s the product of a very playful, child-like and enthusiastic personality. Here is a quote from the book that I found powerful: “Forming your worldview by relying on the media would be like forming your view about me by looking only at a picture of my foot. Sure, my foot is part of me, but it’s a pretty ugly part. I have better parts.” Also, for something a bit deeper: “Being always in favor of or always against any particular idea makes you blind to information that doesn’t fit your perspective. This is usually a bad approach if you like to understand reality.”
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  • Michael Perkins
    January 1, 1970
    “I really do believe that our attitudes are shaped much more by our social groups than they are by facts on the ground. We are not great reasoners. Most people don't like to think at all, or like to think as little as possible. And by most, I mean roughly 70 percent of the population. Even the rest seem to devote a lot of their resources to justifying beliefs that they want to hold, as opposed to forming credible beliefs based only on fact.”― Steven Sloman, The Knowledge Illusion: Why We Never T “I really do believe that our attitudes are shaped much more by our social groups than they are by facts on the ground. We are not great reasoners. Most people don't like to think at all, or like to think as little as possible. And by most, I mean roughly 70 percent of the population. Even the rest seem to devote a lot of their resources to justifying beliefs that they want to hold, as opposed to forming credible beliefs based only on fact.”― Steven Sloman, The Knowledge Illusion: Why We Never Think Alone============It's a constant challenge to get our facts straight. Like most readers and others the author has challenged, I flunked the test at the beginning of the book. Early in the book, he makes it clear he is not an optimist, never mind an idealist. He simply demonstrates what accurate data shows us about the world and the good news is that the world is improving. This does not mean, the author makes clear, that there are not serious issues in terms of politics, racism, and climate change. But we shouldn't be pessimists, but stay after these problems.As readers learn what they don't know, the author explains why. He calls them instincts that can get in the way of finding out what's real: opting for melodramatic explanations, the "us vs them" gap perspective, negativism, seeing all data as a straight line, allowing fear to cloud our judgment, over-generalizing, seeing everything through a single ideological lens, blaming.In the pursuit of educating others, he does not agree that the means justify the ends. He articulates something about Al Gore's mode of presentation that I agree is wrong. I have seen two polar opposite and unfortunate reactions to Gore's worst case approach in "An Inconvenient Truth"----backlash skepticism and defeatism. I recall Gore being interviewed by Anderson Cooper on CNN. Anderson showed the documentary animation of the worst case flooding of the entire state of Florida. Anderson was skeptical and I thought it made Gore look absurd. Rosling writes:“We need to create fear!” That’s what Al Gore said to me at the start of our first conversation about how to teach climate change. It was 2009 and we were backstage at a TED conference in Los Angeles. Al Gore asked me to help him and use Gapminder’s bubble graphs to show a worst-case future impact of a continued increase in CO2 emissions.But I couldn’t agree to what he had asked. I don’t like fear.Fear plus urgency make for stupid, drastic decisions with unpredictable side effects. Climate change is too important for that. It needs systematic analysis, thought-through decisions, incremental actions, and careful evaluation. And I don’t like exaggeration.Exaggeration undermines the credibility of well-founded data: in this case, data showing that climate change is real, that it is largely caused by greenhouse gases from human activities such as burning fossil fuels, and that taking swift and broad action now would be cheaper than waiting until costly and unacceptable climate change happened. Exaggeration, once discovered, makes people tune out altogether.I insisted that I would never show the worst-case line without showing the probable and the best-case lines as well. Picking only the worst-case scenario and— worse— continuing the line beyond the scientifically based predictions would fall far outside Gapminder’s mission to help people understand the basic facts. It would be using our credibility to make a call to action. Al Gore continued to press his case for fearful animated bubbles beyond the expert forecasts, over several more conversations, until finally I closed the discussion down. “Mr. Vice President. No numbers, no bubbles.”To be absolutely clear, I am deeply concerned about climate change because I am convinced it is real— as real as Ebola was in 2014. I understand the temptation to raise support by picking the worst projections and denying the huge uncertainties in the numbers. But those who care about climate change should stop scaring people with unlikely scenarios." ======I know I resent it when I see someone is trying to manipulate me through fear. We have a lot of that in our country right now. Even if it's for a good cause, people will tune out, become indifferent, even feel hopeless. Or worse. The negative impact of scare tactics....https://www.motherjones.com/environme...======worldwide aging demographics from a different source....https://www.axios.com/newsletters/axi...
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  • Nelson Zagalo
    January 1, 1970
    Nos últimos anos tenho-me posicionado cada vez mais do lado dos céticos em relação a análises do real a partir de números. Para isso muito tem contribuído a voragem a que todos vamos sendo submetidos por meios de avaliação que não levam em conta quem somos, mas apenas o que debitamos em termos de resultados numa folha de Excel. Por isso mesmo, não fosse a enorme recomendação feita ao livro, por Bill Gates entre outros, dificilmente lhe teria pegado. Reconheço que aprendi muito com Hans Rosling, Nos últimos anos tenho-me posicionado cada vez mais do lado dos céticos em relação a análises do real a partir de números. Para isso muito tem contribuído a voragem a que todos vamos sendo submetidos por meios de avaliação que não levam em conta quem somos, mas apenas o que debitamos em termos de resultados numa folha de Excel. Por isso mesmo, não fosse a enorme recomendação feita ao livro, por Bill Gates entre outros, dificilmente lhe teria pegado. Reconheço que aprendi muito com Hans Rosling, mas a minha impressão em relação a números, métricas e estatísticas não se alterou, aliás Hans acaba por sem se dar conta dar razão ao trabalho de Daniel Kahneman a propósito da economia comportamental, e do modo como as pessoas simplesmente munidas de números pensam poder compreender o ser humano. Com isto não quero dizer que o trabalho de Hans seja mau ou irrelevante, ele é imensamente relevante e o livro vale a leitura para todos, mas deve ser lido com muito espírito crítico.O resto da análise pode ser lida no VI em:https://virtual-illusion.blogspot.com...
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  • Betsy
    January 1, 1970
    I have mixed feelings about this book. Sometimes it made me angry, seeming to be very preachy and self-important. "Everything you do and are now is wrong and here's why." When someone comes at me with that kind of message, I tend to get very defensive. But I always kept reading because what he says makes so much sense. So much of what we think we know about the world is just wrong or at least badly slanted. But to truly effect change in the world we need to be able to deal with it as it truly is I have mixed feelings about this book. Sometimes it made me angry, seeming to be very preachy and self-important. "Everything you do and are now is wrong and here's why." When someone comes at me with that kind of message, I tend to get very defensive. But I always kept reading because what he says makes so much sense. So much of what we think we know about the world is just wrong or at least badly slanted. But to truly effect change in the world we need to be able to deal with it as it truly is. Facts. Data. Openness to other viewpoints. Those are what Rosling is selling. And he's very good. This book is an easy read, well written, accessible. If you can get past your ego, I really recommend this book.
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  • Tomas Ramanauskas
    January 1, 1970
    “Everything you know is wrong” kind of books are tricky to pull of, they start by cornering a reader and then gradually reveal themselves to be source of enlightment… sort of. Even mighty Hans Rosling stumbles with this exlamatory promise. His overall thesis, that we live in much better world than we imagine, is comforting, but “better” might still be “terrible” in some cases. I take from “Factfulness” a challenge to read any kind of surveys with a pinch of salt, don’t settle for averages or che “Everything you know is wrong” kind of books are tricky to pull of, they start by cornering a reader and then gradually reveal themselves to be source of enlightment… sort of. Even mighty Hans Rosling stumbles with this exlamatory promise. His overall thesis, that we live in much better world than we imagine, is comforting, but “better” might still be “terrible” in some cases. I take from “Factfulness” a challenge to read any kind of surveys with a pinch of salt, don’t settle for averages or cheap generalizations. What bothered me, is that the book would lose none of its importance if it was shortened two or even three times, some accompanying personal stories/anecdotes add nothing to the message of this fierce attack on preconceptions.
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  • 4triplezed
    January 1, 1970
    A clever book that has plenty of good news in explaining 10 reasons why the vast majority of us are wrong in thinking the worst. I recommend this to those that prefer their reading less than dry. Hans Rosling's style is very folksy, not for me personally, but I understand why others may enjoy this style of presentation.
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  • Bettie☯
    January 1, 1970
    BOTWhttps://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09x...Description: Why are people convinced that the world is more frightening than it really is? Hans Rosling thinks he has the answer. Professor Hans Rosling was 'the man in whose hands data sings'. He was dubbed 'a true inspiration' by Bill Gates and became a viral celebrity thanks to his popular TED talks which broke down the statistics behind global health and economics.Before his death in 2017 Rosling spent years asking global audiences simple question BOTWhttps://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09x...Description: Why are people convinced that the world is more frightening than it really is? Hans Rosling thinks he has the answer. Professor Hans Rosling was 'the man in whose hands data sings'. He was dubbed 'a true inspiration' by Bill Gates and became a viral celebrity thanks to his popular TED talks which broke down the statistics behind global health and economics.Before his death in 2017 Rosling spent years asking global audiences simple questions about basic trends. How widespread is extreme poverty? What is life expectancy today? How many children in the world have been vaccinated? He quizzed everyone from medics to lecturers, bankers, political decision makers - even Nobel Laureates. And the results were always the same."Everyone seems to get the world not only devastatingly wrong, but systematically wrong. By which I mean, that these test results are worse than random. They are worse than the results I would get if the people answering my questions had no knowledge at all."Identifying key evolutionary instincts that prevent us from seeing the world as it really is, Rosling asks us to fundamentally shift our view of the world - but we have an engaging and entertaining guide on our journey.Just another way of framing Pinker's The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined, and I didn't buy into that either.
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